Azerbaijan is one of the seven countries which most frequently applies for help from the European Court of Human Rights. According to the European Court’s report published on 25 January, complaints from Azerbaijan make up 4% of all cases in court execution, and the complaints from the country doubled in 2017 compared to the previous year. The text of the report can be found on the website of the European Court of Human Rights.
According to the report, complaints awaiting consideration were received from Romania, Russia, Turkey, Ukraine, Italy, Hungary, and Azerbaijan: 9,900 complaints were received from Romania, 7,750 from Russia; 7,500 from Turkey; 7,100 from Ukraine; 4,650 from Italy; 3,350 from Hungary; and 2050 from Azerbaijan. "Up to 75% of complaints lodged by the European Court are due to Romania, Russia, Turkey, Ukraine, Italy, Hungary and Azerbaijan, and 25% to the other 40 countries of the Council of Europe," the report says.
The number of complaints to the European Court increased significantly in 2017. The court received 63,400 complaints in 2017 compared to 53,400 the previous year. In 2017, the number of appeals from Azerbaijan increased and reached 679. In 2015, there were 268 appeals and 331 in 2016.
Based on the report, in 2017 there were .69 complaints for every 10,000 Azerbaijani citizens. For comparison, neighboring Georgia has .24 complaints for every 10,000 citizens. According to the number of decisions, Azerbaijan ranks third in the CIS after Russia and Ukraine. In 2017, 26 decisions were taken in connection to Azerbaijan.
According to the statistics of the court, the rights to a fair trial, freedom of assembly, and the right to freedom of convention are the most violated in Azerbaijan. Over the course of a year in 16 cases, violations of the right to a fair trial and of the right to freedom of assembly were recognized. In 11 cases, the right to liberty and inviolability was violated.
So far, the European Court has passed 148 decisions on Azerbaijan. Decisions in 60 cases related to the violation of the right to a fair trial, and 45 to the violation of freedom and immunity.